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 PCOS/COR Technology Development







Astrophysics Program Offices

Technology Gallery

2013

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Slide 1 of 13

PCOS and COR Strategic Technology Portfolio


For more information about these technologies visit our Technology Database.

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Slide 2 of 13

Three technology demonstration modules, each containing three pairs of thin X-ray mirrors


Significance: This slumped glass technique provided some of the world’s best thin grazing-angle X-ray mirror performance at the time, and was the predecessor for even better single-crystal silicon mirrors that are baselined for Lynx X-ray flagship mission concept

Project Title: Next Generation X-ray Optics: High Resolution ,Light Weight, and Low Cost

PI: Zhang, William (GSFC)

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Slide 3 of 13

Scanning Electron Microscope (SEM) images of cleaved prototype X-ray Critical-Angle Transmission (CAT) grating


Significance: Highest-resolution X-ray grating technology; baselined for Lynx X-ray flagship mission concept

Project Title: Development of Fabrication Process for X-Ray CAT Gratings

PI: Mark Schattenburg (MIT Kavli Institute for Astrophysics and Space Research)

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Slide 4 of 13

95 GHz sub-array tile with 128 transition-edge bolometers developed for the BICEP3 ground experiment for Cosmic Microwave Background (CMB) polarimetry


Significance: Developing antenna designs providing sensitivity, stability, and minimized particle susceptibility for bands required by the Inflation Probe, enabling identification of Inflation instants after the Big Bang

Project Title: Planar Antenna-Coupled Superconducting Detectors for CMB Polarimetry

PI: James Bock (JPL/Caltech)

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Slide 5 of 13

Test platform for Transition-Edge-Sensor (TES) arrays with 32×32-pixel array installed


Significance:TES microcalorimeters offer energy resolution for advanced X-ray observatories such as the European ATHENA mission

Project Title: High-Resolution Imaging X-ray Spectrometer

PI: Caroline Kilbourne (GSFC)

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Slide 6 of 13

Flat test mirror with square piezo cells mounted to allow figure adjustment (left) and reaction structure for testing adjustable full-shell X-ray mirrors (right)


Significance: Adjustable X-ray optics are a backup technology for the Lynx large mission concept

Project Title: Adjustable X-ray Optics with Sub-Arcsecond Imaging / Moderate Angular Resolution Adjustable Full-shell Grazing Incidence X-ray Optics

PI: Paul Reid (SAO)

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Slide 7 of 13

CCD X-ray detector with blocking filter deposited on all but a narrow strip on right


Significance: X-ray detectors operate far better when filters allow X-ray photons through and block longer wavelength light

Project Title: Directly-Deposited Blocking Filters for X-ray Imaging Detectors

PI: Mark Bautz (MIT Kavli Institute for Astrophysics and Space Research)

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Slide 8 of 13

Thermal testing 43-cm-diameter deep-core mirror from 250 to 300 K


Significance: Deep-core manufacturing enables 4-m-class mirrors such as planned for the HabEx exoplanet observatory concept with significantly lower cost and risk

Project Title: Advanced Mirror Technology Development (AMTD) for Very Large Space Telescopes

PI: H. Philip Stahl (MSFC)

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Slide 9 of 13

Delta-doped CCD detector fabrication: wafer (top left); bonded, thinned, and delta doped (top center); bond pads exposed (top right); diced (bottom left); and packaged (bottom right)


Significance:Advanced detectors developed by this team are baselined by SHIELDS, HabEx, LUVOIR, and ground facilities

Project Title: High-Efficiency Detectors in Photon Counting and Large Focal Plane Arrays

PI: Shouleh Nikzad (JPL/Caltech)

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Slide 10 of 13

1.9-THz Local Oscillator (LO) source for a far-IR heterodyne detector


Significance: This high-resolution multi-pixel far-IR detector technology may enable or enhance future missions

Project Title: Heterodyne Technology for SOFIA (Stratospheric Observatory for Infrared Astronomy)

PI: Paul Goldsmith and Imran Mehdi (JPL)

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Slide 11 of 13

Alignment and long-term stability testing of off-plane X-ray reflection grating


Significance: X-ray reflection gratings enable high throughput, high spectral resolving power below 2 keV, a spectral band holding major astrophysics interest

Project Title: Off-Plane Grating Arrays for Future Missions

PI: Randall McEntaffer (PSU)

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Slide 12 of 13

Bottom view of chamber top (top) and 2-m coating chamber bottom (bottom)


Significance: Advanced coatings with high reflectivity in the far UV enable future astrophysics missions by greatly enhancing system throughput in photon-starved far-UV observations

Project Title: Enhanced Al Mirrors for Far-UV Space Astronomy

PI: Manuel Quijada (GSFC)

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Slide 13 of 13

Teledyne H4RG near-IR detector array for the Roman Space Telescope (previously WFIRST)


Significance:The Wide-Field Infra-Red Survey Telescope (WFIRST), renamed to the Roman Space Telescope, expected to launch in the mid-2020s, is a NASA observatory designed to study dark energy and dark matter, search for and image exoplanets, and explore many topics in IR astrophysics.

Project Title: H4RG Near-IR Detector Array with 10-µm pixels for WFIRST and Space Astrophysics

PI: Bernard Rauscher (GSFC)

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PCOS and COR Strategic Technology Portfolio

PCOS and COR Strategic Technology Portfolio


For more information about these technologies visit our Technology Database.




slide image

Three technology demonstration modules, each containing three pairs of thin X-ray mirrors


Significance: This slumped glass technique provided some of the world’s best thin grazing-angle X-ray mirror performance at the time, and was the predecessor for even better single-crystal silicon mirrors that are baselined for Lynx X-ray flagship mission concept

Project Title: Next Generation X-ray Optics: High Resolution ,Light Weight, and Low Cost

PI: Zhang, William (GSFC)




slide image

Scanning Electron Microscope (SEM) images of cleaved prototype X-ray Critical-Angle Transmission (CAT) grating


Significance: Highest-resolution X-ray grating technology; baselined for Lynx X-ray flagship mission concept

Project Title: Development of Fabrication Process for X-Ray CAT Gratings

PI: Mark Schattenburg (MIT Kavli Institute for Astrophysics and Space Research)




slide image

95 GHz sub-array tile with 128 transition-edge bolometers developed for the BICEP3 ground experiment for Cosmic Microwave Background (CMB) polarimetry


Significance: Developing antenna designs providing sensitivity, stability, and minimized particle susceptibility for bands required by the Inflation Probe, enabling identification of Inflation instants after the Big Bang

Project Title: Planar Antenna-Coupled Superconducting Detectors for CMB Polarimetry

PI: James Bock (JPL/Caltech)




slide image

Test platform for Transition-Edge-Sensor (TES) arrays with 32×32-pixel array installed


Significance:TES microcalorimeters offer energy resolution for advanced X-ray observatories such as the European ATHENA mission

Project Title: High-Resolution Imaging X-ray Spectrometer

PI: Caroline Kilbourne (GSFC)




slide image

Flat test mirror with square piezo cells mounted to allow figure adjustment (left) and reaction structure for testing adjustable full-shell X-ray mirrors (right)


Significance: Adjustable X-ray optics are a backup technology for the Lynx large mission concept

Project Title: Adjustable X-ray Optics with Sub-Arcsecond Imaging / Moderate Angular Resolution Adjustable Full-shell Grazing Incidence X-ray Optics

PI: Paul Reid (SAO)




slide image

CCD X-ray detector with blocking filter deposited on all but a narrow strip on right


Significance: X-ray detectors operate far better when filters allow X-ray photons through and block longer wavelength light

Project Title: Directly-Deposited Blocking Filters for X-ray Imaging Detectors

PI: Mark Bautz (MIT Kavli Institute for Astrophysics and Space Research)




slide image

Thermal testing 43-cm-diameter deep-core mirror from 250 to 300 K


Significance: Deep-core manufacturing enables 4-m-class mirrors such as planned for the HabEx exoplanet observatory concept with significantly lower cost and risk

Project Title: Advanced Mirror Technology Development (AMTD) for Very Large Space Telescopes

PI: H. Philip Stahl (MSFC)




slide image

Delta-doped CCD detector fabrication: wafer (top left); bonded, thinned, and delta doped (top center); bond pads exposed (top right); diced (bottom left); and packaged (bottom right)


Significance:Advanced detectors developed by this team are baselined by SHIELDS, HabEx, LUVOIR, and ground facilities

Project Title: High-Efficiency Detectors in Photon Counting and Large Focal Plane Arrays

PI: Shouleh Nikzad (JPL/Caltech)




slide image

1.9-THz Local Oscillator (LO) source for a far-IR heterodyne detector


Significance: This high-resolution multi-pixel far-IR detector technology may enable or enhance future missions

Project Title: Heterodyne Technology for SOFIA (Stratospheric Observatory for Infrared Astronomy)

PI: Paul Goldsmith and Imran Mehdi (JPL)




slide image

Alignment and long-term stability testing of off-plane X-ray reflection grating


Significance: X-ray reflection gratings enable high throughput, high spectral resolving power below 2 keV, a spectral band holding major astrophysics interest

Project Title: Off-Plane Grating Arrays for Future Missions

PI: Randall McEntaffer (PSU)




slide image

Bottom view of chamber top (top) and 2-m coating chamber bottom (bottom)


Significance: Advanced coatings with high reflectivity in the far UV enable future astrophysics missions by greatly enhancing system throughput in photon-starved far-UV observations

Project Title: Enhanced Al Mirrors for Far-UV Space Astronomy

PI: Manuel Quijada (GSFC)




slide image

Teledyne H4RG near-IR detector array for the Roman Space Telescope (previously WFIRST)


Significance:The Wide-Field Infra-Red Survey Telescope (WFIRST), renamed to the Roman Space Telescope, expected to launch in the mid-2020s, is a NASA observatory designed to study dark energy and dark matter, search for and image exoplanets, and explore many topics in IR astrophysics.

Project Title: H4RG Near-IR Detector Array with 10-µm pixels for WFIRST and Space Astrophysics

PI: Bernard Rauscher (GSFC)







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