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 PCOS/COR Technology Development







Astrophysics Program Offices

Technology Gallery

2015

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Slide 1 of 17

PCOS and COR Strategic Technology Portfolio


For more information about these technologies visit our Technology Database.




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Slide 2 of 17

Technology Development Module (TDM) containing three pairs of parabolic-hyperbolic X-ray mirror segments


Significance: World-class thin grazing-angle X-ray mirror technology; baselined for Lynx X-ray flagship mission concept

Project Title: High-Resolution and Light-weight X-ray Optics for the X-ray Surveyor

PI: Zhang, William (GSFC)

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Slide 3 of 17

Detail of hierarchical support levels of X-ray Critical-Angle Transmission (CAT) gratings


Significance: Highest-resolution X-ray grating technology; baselined for Lynx X-ray flagship mission concept

Project Title: Development of a CAT Grating Spectrometer

PI: Mark Schattenburg (MIT Kavli Institute for Astrophysics and Space Research)

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Slide 4 of 17

Antenna-coupled Transition-Edge-Sensor (TES) Bolometers for Cosmic Microwave Background (CMB) Polarimetry; lithographed ‘Polarimeter on a Chip’ Enables Large Arrays


Significance: Developing antenna designs providing sensitivity, stability, and minimized particle susceptibility for bands required by the Inflation Probe, enabling identification of Inflation instants after the Big Bang

Project Title: Planar Antenna-Coupled Superconducting Detectors for CMB Polarimetry

PI: James Bock (JPL/Caltech)

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Slide 5 of 17

Photo and Scanning Electron Microscope (SEM) image of two types of absorbers for hybrid Transition-Edge-Sensor (TES) arrays fabricated on single Si substrate


Significance: TES microcalorimeters offer energy resolution for the European ATHENA X-ray mission’s Integral Field Unit (X-IFU)

Project Title: Providing enabling and enhancing technologies for a demonstration model of the ATHENA X-IFU

PI: Caroline Kilbourne (GSFC)

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Slide 6 of 17

Test X-ray mirror with integrated adjustment piezo actuators and control electronics


Significance: Adjustable X-ray optics are a backup technology for the Lynx large mission concept

Project Title: Development of 0.5-Arc-second Adjustable Grazing-Incidence X-ray Mirrors for the SMART-X Mission Concept

PI: Paul Reid (SAO)

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Slide 7 of 17

Radiation test setup for Digital Micro-mirror Device (DMD)


Significance: Replacing windows of commercially available DMDs may enable far-UV multi-object spectrometry in future missions

Project Title: Development of DMDs for Far-UV Applications

PI: Zoran Ninkov (RIT)

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Slide 8 of 17

Harris “deep-core” mirror successfully demonstrating 5-layer ‘stack & fuse’ technique


Significance: Deep-core manufacturing enables 4-m-class mirrors such as planned for the HabEx exoplanet observatory concept with significantly lower cost and risk

Project Title: Advanced Mirror Technology Development (AMTD) for Very Large Space Telescopes

PI: H. Philip Stahl (MSFC)

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Slide 9 of 17

Multi-layer anti-reflection coatings for the FIREBall balloon payload’s Electron-Multiplied CCD (EMCCD) detectors; images show wafers before (left) and after (right) Atomic-Layer-Deposition (ALD) coating


Significance:Advanced coatings enable high-performance detectors

Project Title: Advanced FUV/UV/Visible Photon-Counting and Ultralow-Noise Detectors

PI: Shouleh Nikzad (JPL/Caltech)

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Slide 10 of 17

96-mm cross-strip laboratory detector and readout electronics


Significance: Large-format low-noise detectors may enable future far-UV missions

Project Title: Development of 100×100 mm2 photon-counting UV detectors

PI: John Vallerga (UC Berkeley)

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Slide 11 of 17

50/220-GHz planar orthomode transducer (OMT) focal plane with feedhorns machined directly into Si-Al package for performing Cosmic Microwave Background (CMB) measurements


Significance: CMB measurements may enable identification of the “Inflation” cosmologists believe may have occurred instants after the Big Bang

Project Title: High Efficiency Feedhorn-Coupled TES-based Detectors for CMB Polarization

PI: Edward Wollack (GSFC)

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Slide 12 of 17

Primary mirror for prototype Laser Interferometer Space Antenna (LISA) telescope


Significance:The LISA gravitational-wave (GW) observatory crucially depends on collecting laser light from a remote spacecraft, millions of km away

Project Title: Telescope for a Space-based GW Mission

PI: Jeffrey Livas (GSFC)

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Slide 13 of 17

Fiber amplifier for lasers enabling the Laser Interferometer Space Antenna (LISA) gravitational-wave observatory


Significance: LISA crucially depends on lasers to allow interferometric measurement of the multi-million-km distance between the three spacecraft; technology readiness level (TRL) of 5 is needed for infusion into the mission

Project Title: Demonstration of a TRL-5 Laser System for LISA

PI: Jordan Camp (GSFC)

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Slide 14 of 17

Engineering Model versions of GRACE Follow-On subsystems used to develop phasemeter for the Laser Interferometer Space Antenna (LISA) gravitational-wave (GW) observatory


Significance: LISA needs a phasemeter system to allow interferometric measurement of the multi-million-km distance between the three spacecraft

Project Title: Phase Measurement System Development for Interferometric GW Detectors

PI: William Klipstein (JPL)

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Slide 15 of 17

1.9-THz mixer block developed for multi-pixel Local Oscillator (LO) and test setup


Significance: This high-resolution multi-pixel far-IR detector technology may enable or enhance future missions

Project Title: A Far-IR Heterodyne Array Receiver for C+ and OI Mapping

PI: Imran Mehdi (JPL)

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Slide 16 of 17

X-ray reflection gratings at PANTER test beam line


Significance: X-ray reflection gratings enable high throughput, high spectral resolving power below 2 keV, a spectral band holding major astrophysics interest

Project Title: Reflection Grating Modules: Alignment and Testing

PI: Randall McEntaffer (PSU)

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Slide 17 of 17

Multi-pressure Brewster cell with removable windows (left) and Immersed cell incorporating piezo actuators (right)


Significance: A highly stable laser simultaneously locked to a cavity and a molecular transition at a telecom wavelength can provide a highly coherent light source for future missions

Project Title: Laser Stabilization with CO

PI:John Lipa (Stanford University)

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PCOS and COR Strategic Technology Portfolio

PCOS and COR Strategic Technology Portfolio


For more information about these technologies visit our Technology Database.




slide image

Technology Development Module (TDM) containing three pairs of parabolic-hyperbolic X-ray mirror segments


Significance: World-class thin grazing-angle X-ray mirror technology; baselined for Lynx X-ray flagship mission concept

Project Title: High-Resolution and Light-weight X-ray Optics for the X-ray Surveyor

PI: Zhang, William (GSFC)




slide image

Detail of hierarchical support levels of X-ray Critical-Angle Transmission (CAT) gratings


Significance: Highest-resolution X-ray grating technology; baselined for Lynx X-ray flagship mission concept

Project Title: Development of a CAT Grating Spectrometer

PI: Mark Schattenburg (MIT Kavli Institute for Astrophysics and Space Research)




slide image

Antenna-coupled Transition-Edge-Sensor (TES) Bolometers for Cosmic Microwave Background (CMB) Polarimetry; lithographed ‘Polarimeter on a Chip’ Enables Large Arrays


Significance: Developing antenna designs providing sensitivity, stability, and minimized particle susceptibility for bands required by the Inflation Probe, enabling identification of Inflation instants after the Big Bang

Project Title: Planar Antenna-Coupled Superconducting Detectors for CMB Polarimetry

PI: James Bock (JPL/Caltech)




slide image

Photo and Scanning Electron Microscope (SEM) image of two types of absorbers for hybrid Transition-Edge-Sensor (TES) arrays fabricated on single Si substrate


Significance: TES microcalorimeters offer energy resolution for the European ATHENA X-ray mission’s Integral Field Unit (X-IFU)

Project Title: Providing enabling and enhancing technologies for a demonstration model of the ATHENA X-IFU

PI: Caroline Kilbourne (GSFC)




slide image

Test X-ray mirror with integrated adjustment piezo actuators and control electronics


Significance: Adjustable X-ray optics are a backup technology for the Lynx large mission concept

Project Title: Development of 0.5-Arc-second Adjustable Grazing-Incidence X-ray Mirrors for the SMART-X Mission Concept

PI: Paul Reid (SAO)




slide image

Radiation test setup for Digital Micro-mirror Device (DMD)


Significance: Replacing windows of commercially available DMDs may enable far-UV multi-object spectrometry in future missions

Project Title: Development of DMDs for Far-UV Applications

PI: Zoran Ninkov (RIT)




slide image

Harris “deep-core” mirror successfully demonstrating 5-layer ‘stack & fuse’ technique


Significance: Deep-core manufacturing enables 4-m-class mirrors such as planned for the HabEx exoplanet observatory concept with significantly lower cost and risk

Project Title: Advanced Mirror Technology Development (AMTD) for Very Large Space Telescopes

PI: H. Philip Stahl (MSFC)




slide image

Multi-layer anti-reflection coatings for the FIREBall balloon payload’s Electron-Multiplied CCD (EMCCD) detectors; images show wafers before (left) and after (right) Atomic-Layer-Deposition (ALD) coating


Significance:Advanced coatings enable high-performance detectors

Project Title: Advanced FUV/UV/Visible Photon-Counting and Ultralow-Noise Detectors

PI: Shouleh Nikzad (JPL/Caltech)




slide image

96-mm cross-strip laboratory detector and readout electronics


Significance: Large-format low-noise detectors may enable future far-UV missions

Project Title: Development of 100×100 mm2 photon-counting UV detectors

PI: John Vallerga (UC Berkeley)




slide image

50/220-GHz planar orthomode transducer (OMT) focal plane with feedhorns machined directly into Si-Al package for performing Cosmic Microwave Background (CMB) measurements


Significance: CMB measurements may enable identification of the “Inflation” cosmologists believe may have occurred instants after the Big Bang

Project Title: High Efficiency Feedhorn-Coupled TES-based Detectors for CMB Polarization

PI: Edward Wollack (GSFC)




slide image

Primary mirror for prototype Laser Interferometer Space Antenna (LISA) telescope


Significance:The LISA gravitational-wave (GW) observatory crucially depends on collecting laser light from a remote spacecraft, millions of km away

Project Title: Telescope for a Space-based GW Mission

PI: Jeffrey Livas (GSFC)




slide image

Fiber amplifier for lasers enabling the Laser Interferometer Space Antenna (LISA) gravitational-wave observatory


Significance: LISA crucially depends on lasers to allow interferometric measurement of the multi-million-km distance between the three spacecraft; technology readiness level (TRL) of 5 is needed for infusion into the mission

Project Title: Demonstration of a TRL-5 Laser System for LISA

PI: Jordan Camp (GSFC)




slide image

Engineering Model versions of GRACE Follow-On subsystems used to develop phasemeter for the Laser Interferometer Space Antenna (LISA) gravitational-wave (GW) observatory


Significance: LISA needs a phasemeter system to allow interferometric measurement of the multi-million-km distance between the three spacecraft

Project Title: Phase Measurement System Development for Interferometric GW Detectors

PI: William Klipstein (JPL)




slide image

1.9-THz mixer block developed for multi-pixel Local Oscillator (LO) and test setup


Significance: This high-resolution multi-pixel far-IR detector technology may enable or enhance future missions

Project Title: A Far-IR Heterodyne Array Receiver for C+ and OI Mapping

PI: Imran Mehdi (JPL)




slide image

X-ray reflection gratings at PANTER test beam line


Significance: X-ray reflection gratings enable high throughput, high spectral resolving power below 2 keV, a spectral band holding major astrophysics interest

Project Title: Reflection Grating Modules: Alignment and Testing

PI: Randall McEntaffer (PSU)




slide image

Multi-pressure Brewster cell with removable windows (left) and Immersed cell incorporating piezo actuators (right)


Significance: A highly stable laser simultaneously locked to a cavity and a molecular transition at a telecom wavelength can provide a highly coherent light source for future missions

Project Title: Laser Stabilization with CO

PI:John Lipa (Stanford University)







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