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 PCOS/COR Technology Development







Astrophysics Program Offices

Technology Gallery

2017

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Slide 1 of 22

PCOS and COR Strategic Technology Portfolio


For more information about these technologies visit our Technology Database.

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Slide 2 of 22

Thin single-crystal silicon X-ray mirror segment (after trimming)


Significance: World-class thin grazing-angle X-ray mirror technology; baselined for Lynx X-ray flagship mission concept

Project Title: Next Generation X-ray Optics: High Resolution, Light Weight, and Low Cost

PI: Zhang, William (GSFC)

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Slide 3 of 22

X-ray Critical-Angle Transmission (CAT) grating with quarter dollar coin for scale


Significance: Highest-resolution X-ray grating technology; baselined for Lynx X-ray flagship mission concept

Project Title: Development of a CAT Grating Spectrometer

PI: Mark Schattenburg (MIT Kavli Institute for Astrophysics and Space Research)

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Slide 4 of 22

Modular BICEP3 Focal Plane for Cosmic Microwave Background (CMB) polarimetry


Significance: Developing antenna designs providing sensitivity, stability, and minimized particle susceptibility for bands required by the Inflation Probe, enabling identification of Inflation instants after the Big Bang

Project Title: Planar Antenna-Coupled Superconducting Detectors for CMB Polarimetry

PI: James Bock (JPL/Caltech)

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Slide 5 of 22

Demonstration model array of Transition-Edge Sensors (TESs)


Significance: TES microcalorimeters offer energy resolution that may enable future missions such as the Lynx X-ray flagship mission concept

Project Title: Advanced X-ray Microcalorimeters: TES Microcalorimeters

PI: Caroline Kilbourne (GSFC)

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Slide 6 of 22

Single-shell mounting concept with mounted adjustable X-ray mirror and electrical connections


Significance: Adjustable X-ray optics are a backup technology for the Lynx X-ray large mission concept

Project Title: Adjustable X-Ray Optic

PI: Paul Reid (SAO)

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Slide 7 of 22

REXIS Detector Assembly Module (DAM) with directly deposited filter on the X-ray CCDs; REXIS is a student-built instrument deployed on the OSIRIS-REx mission to Asteroid Bennu


Significance: X-ray detectors operate far better when filters allow X-ray photons through and block longer wavelength light

Project Title: Directly-Deposited Blocking Filters for X-ray Imaging Detectors

PI: Mark Bautz (MIT Kavli Institute for Astrophysics and Space Research)

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Slide 8 of 22

Digital Micro-mirror Device (DMD) undergoing vibration testing as part of flight qualification


Significance: Replacing windows of commercially available DMDs may enable far-UV multi-object spectrometry in future missi

Project Title: Development of DMDs for Far-UV Applications

PI: Zoran Ninkov (RIT)

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Slide 9 of 22

Selected parts for 4-to-0.05-K for Continuous Adiabatic Demagnetization Refrigerator (CADR) cooling system fabricated at GSFC


Significance: This advanced sub-Kelvin cooling technology has been baselined by Lynx, Origins, PICO, and GEP

Project Title: High-Efficiency Continuous Cooling for Cryogenic Instruments and sub-Kelvin Detectors

PI: James Tuttle (GSFC)

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Slide 10 of 22

1.5-m Harris mirror with support structure


Significance: This technology may enable required ultra-stability (~10 pm) for HabEx and LUVOIR missions

Project Title: Predictive Thermal Control (PTC) Technology to enable Thermally Stable Telescopes

PI: H. Philip Stahl (MSFC)

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Slide 11 of 22

First resonance measurements of mock Cosmic Microwave Background (CMB) detector array


Significance: This and related technologies may enable future CMB missions, e.g. LiteBIRD

Project Title: Technology Development for LiteBIRD and other CMB Missions

PI: Adrian T. Lee (UC Berkeley)

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Slide 12 of 22

Atomic Layer Deposition (ALD) Multi-Channel Plate (MCP) image detail


Significance: This detector technology is baselined by HabEx, LUVOIR, and CETUS for UV/Visible light detection

Project Title: High-Performance Sealed-Tube Cross-Strip (XS) Photon-Counting Sensors for UV-Vis Astrophysics Instruments

PI: Oswald Siegmund (UC Berkeley)

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Slide 13 of 22

Molecular Beam Epitaxy (MBE) system at JPL used for coating advanced detectors


Significance: Advanced detectors developed by this project are baselined by SHIELDS, HabEx, LUVOIR, and ground facilities are fabricated using Atomic Layer Deposition (ALD) coatings

Project Title: Advanced FUV/UV/Visible Photon-Counting and Ultralow-Noise Detectors

PI: Shouleh Nikzad (JPL/Caltech)

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Slide 14 of 22

100×100 mm2 Multi-Channel Plate (MCP) detector mounted on vacuum test system


Significance: Large-format low-noise detectors may enable future far-UV missions

Project Title: Development of 100×100 mm2 photon-counting UV detectors

PI: John Vallerga (UC Berkeley)

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Slide 15 of 22

Stratospheric Terahertz Observatory (STO2)Balloon-borne observatory being prepared for launch in Antarctica; an early working device was provided by this team to fly on STO2 in 2016


Significance: This technology provides 4.7-THz Local Oscillators (LOs), enabling far-IR/sub-mm missions such as the balloon-borne Galactic/Extragalactic ULDB Spectroscopic Terahertz Observatory (GUSTO)

Project Title: Raising the Technology Readiness of 4.7-THz local oscillators

PI: Qing Hu (MIT)

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Slide 16 of 22

40-GHz and 90-GHz feedhorn-coupled focal plane arrays for performing Cosmic Microwave Background (CMB) measurements


Significance: : CMB measurements may enable identification of the “Inflation” cosmologists believe may have occurred instants after the Big Bang; multi-wavelength measurements can help remove foreground noise

Project Title: High Efficiency Feedhorn-Coupled TES-based Detectors for CMB Polarization

PI: Edward Wollack (GSFC)

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Slide 17 of 22

Busek components developed for colloid microthrusters for precision spacecraft control


Significance: Microthrusters are critical for controlling the spacecraft of future missions such as the Laser Interferometer Space Antenna (LISA) gravitational-wave observatory

Project Title: LISA Colloid Microthruster Technology

PI: John Ziemer (JPL)

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Slide 18 of 22

Prototype Laser Interferometer Space Antenna (LISA) telescope designed for room-temp testing


Significance: The LISA gravitational-wave observatory crucially depends on collecting laser light from a remote spacecraft, millions of km away

Project Title: Telescope Development for the LISA Mission

PI: Jeffrey Livas (GSFC)

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Slide 19 of 22

Prototype laser power amplifier for lasers enabling the Laser Interferometer Space Antenna (LISA) gravitational-wave observatory


Significance: LISA crucially depends on lasers to allow interferometric measurement of the multi-million-km distance between the three spacecraft

Project Title: Laser Technology Development Project for the LISA Mission

PI: Anthony Yu (GSFC)

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Slide 20 of 22

Torsion pendulum test-bed for gravitational reference sensors used for testing charge management system for the Laser Interferometer Space Antenna (LISA) gravitational-wave observatory


Significance: LISA crucially depends on charge management to prevent electrostatic noise interfering with interferometric measurement of the multi-million-km distance between the three spacecraft

Project Title: UV LED-based Charge Management System for LISA

PI: John Conklin (University of Florida)

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Slide 21 of 22

Interferometer testbed built to demonstrate phasemeter and measurement system performance developed for the Laser Interferometer Space Antenna (LISA) gravitational-wave observatory


Significance: LISA needs a phasemeter system to allow interferometric measurement of the multi-million-km distance between the three spacecraft

Project Title: LISA Phasemeter Project

PI: William Klipstein (JPL)

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Slide 22 of 22

Lab test setup for picometer measurement of mirror dynamics


Significance:Ultra-stability and -precision (~10 pm) may enable the HabEx and LUVOIR missions

Project Title: Ultra-Stable Structure

PI: Babak Saif (GSFC)

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PCOS and COR Strategic Technology Portfolio

PCOS and COR Strategic Technology Portfolio


For more information about these technologies visit our Technology Database.




slide image

Thin single-crystal silicon X-ray mirror segment (after trimming)


Significance: World-class thin grazing-angle X-ray mirror technology; baselined for Lynx X-ray flagship mission concept

Project Title: Next Generation X-ray Optics: High Resolution, Light Weight, and Low Cost

PI: Zhang, William (GSFC)




slide image

X-ray Critical-Angle Transmission (CAT) grating with quarter dollar coin for scale


Significance: Highest-resolution X-ray grating technology; baselined for Lynx X-ray flagship mission concept

Project Title: Development of a CAT Grating Spectrometer

PI: Mark Schattenburg (MIT Kavli Institute for Astrophysics and Space Research)




slide image

Modular BICEP3 Focal Plane for Cosmic Microwave Background (CMB) polarimetry


Significance: Developing antenna designs providing sensitivity, stability, and minimized particle susceptibility for bands required by the Inflation Probe, enabling identification of Inflation instants after the Big Bang

Project Title: Planar Antenna-Coupled Superconducting Detectors for CMB Polarimetry

PI: James Bock (JPL/Caltech)




slide image

Demonstration model array of Transition-Edge Sensors (TESs)


Significance: TES microcalorimeters offer energy resolution that may enable future missions such as the Lynx X-ray flagship mission concept

Project Title: Advanced X-ray Microcalorimeters: TES Microcalorimeters

PI: Caroline Kilbourne (GSFC)




slide image

Single-shell mounting concept with mounted adjustable X-ray mirror and electrical connections


Significance: Adjustable X-ray optics are a backup technology for the Lynx X-ray large mission concept

Project Title: Adjustable X-Ray Optic

PI: Paul Reid (SAO)




slide image

REXIS Detector Assembly Module (DAM) with directly deposited filter on the X-ray CCDs; REXIS is a student-built instrument deployed on the OSIRIS-REx mission to Asteroid Bennu


Significance: X-ray detectors operate far better when filters allow X-ray photons through and block longer wavelength light

Project Title: Directly-Deposited Blocking Filters for X-ray Imaging Detectors

PI: Mark Bautz (MIT Kavli Institute for Astrophysics and Space Research)




slide image

Digital Micro-mirror Device (DMD) undergoing vibration testing as part of flight qualification


Significance: Replacing windows of commercially available DMDs may enable far-UV multi-object spectrometry in future missi

Project Title: Development of DMDs for Far-UV Applications

PI: Zoran Ninkov (RIT)




slide image

Selected parts for 4-to-0.05-K for Continuous Adiabatic Demagnetization Refrigerator (CADR) cooling system fabricated at GSFC


Significance: This advanced sub-Kelvin cooling technology has been baselined by Lynx, Origins, PICO, and GEP

Project Title: High-Efficiency Continuous Cooling for Cryogenic Instruments and sub-Kelvin Detectors

PI: James Tuttle (GSFC)




slide image

1.5-m Harris mirror with support structure


Significance: This technology may enable required ultra-stability (~10 pm) for HabEx and LUVOIR missions

Project Title: Predictive Thermal Control (PTC) Technology to enable Thermally Stable Telescopes

PI: H. Philip Stahl (MSFC)




slide image

First resonance measurements of mock Cosmic Microwave Background (CMB) detector array


Significance: This and related technologies may enable future CMB missions, e.g. LiteBIRD

Project Title: Technology Development for LiteBIRD and other CMB Missions

PI: Adrian T. Lee (UC Berkeley)




slide image

Atomic Layer Deposition (ALD) Multi-Channel Plate (MCP) image detail


Significance: This detector technology is baselined by HabEx, LUVOIR, and CETUS for UV/Visible light detection

Project Title: High-Performance Sealed-Tube Cross-Strip (XS) Photon-Counting Sensors for UV-Vis Astrophysics Instruments

PI: Oswald Siegmund (UC Berkeley)




slide image

Molecular Beam Epitaxy (MBE) system at JPL used for coating advanced detectors


Significance: Advanced detectors developed by this project are baselined by SHIELDS, HabEx, LUVOIR, and ground facilities are fabricated using Atomic Layer Deposition (ALD) coatings

Project Title: Advanced FUV/UV/Visible Photon-Counting and Ultralow-Noise Detectors

PI: Shouleh Nikzad (JPL/Caltech)




slide image

100×100 mm2 Multi-Channel Plate (MCP) detector mounted on vacuum test system


Significance: Large-format low-noise detectors may enable future far-UV missions

Project Title: Development of 100×100 mm2 photon-counting UV detectors

PI: John Vallerga (UC Berkeley)




slide image

Stratospheric Terahertz Observatory (STO2) Balloon-borne observatory being prepared for launch in Antarctica; an early working device was provided by this team to fly on STO2 in 2016


Significance: This technology provides 4.7-THz Local Oscillators (LOs), enabling far-IR/sub-mm missions such as the balloon-borne Galactic/Extragalactic ULDB Spectroscopic Terahertz Observatory (GUSTO)

Project Title: Raising the Technology Readiness of 4.7-THz local oscillators

PI: Qing Hu (MIT)




slide image

40-GHz and 90-GHz feedhorn-coupled focal plane arrays for performing Cosmic Microwave Background (CMB) measurements


Significance: : CMB measurements may enable identification of the “Inflation” cosmologists believe may have occurred instants after the Big Bang; multi-wavelength measurements can help remove foreground noise

Project Title: High Efficiency Feedhorn-Coupled TES-based Detectors for CMB Polarization

PI: Edward Wollack (GSFC)




slide image

Busek components developed for colloid microthrusters for precision spacecraft control


Significance: Microthrusters are critical for controlling the spacecraft of future missions such as the Laser Interferometer Space Antenna (LISA) gravitational-wave observatory

Project Title: LISA Colloid Microthruster Technology

PI: John Ziemer (JPL)




slide image

Prototype Laser Interferometer Space Antenna (LISA) telescope designed for room-temp testing


Significance: The LISA gravitational-wave observatory crucially depends on collecting laser light from a remote spacecraft, millions of km away

Project Title: Telescope Development for the LISA Mission

PI: Jeffrey Livas (GSFC)




slide image

Prototype laser power amplifier for lasers enabling the Laser Interferometer Space Antenna (LISA) gravitational-wave observatory


Significance: LISA crucially depends on lasers to allow interferometric measurement of the multi-million-km distance between the three spacecraft

Project Title: Laser Technology Development Project for the LISA Mission

PI: Anthony Yu (GSFC)




slide image

Torsion pendulum test-bed for gravitational reference sensors used for testing charge management system for the Laser Interferometer Space Antenna (LISA) gravitational-wave observatory


Significance: LISA crucially depends on charge management to prevent electrostatic noise interfering with interferometric measurement of the multi-million-km distance between the three spacecraft

Project Title: UV LED-based Charge Management System for LISA

PI: John Conklin (University of Florida)




slide image

Interferometer testbed built to demonstrate phasemeter and measurement system performance developed for the Laser Interferometer Space Antenna (LISA) gravitational-wave observatory


Significance: LISA needs a phasemeter system to allow interferometric measurement of the multi-million-km distance between the three spacecraft

Project Title: LISA Phasemeter Project

PI: William Klipstein (JPL)




slide image

Lab test setup for picometer measurement of mirror dynamics


Significance:Ultra-stability and -precision (~10 pm) may enable the HabEx and LUVOIR missions

Project Title: Ultra-Stable Structure

PI: Babak Saif (GSFC)







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