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 PCOS/COR Technology Development







Astrophysics Program Offices

Technology Gallery

2016

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Slide 1 of 21

PCOS and COR Strategic Technology Portfolio


For more information about these technologies visit our Technology Database.

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Slide 2 of 21

Mechanical engineering meta-shell test with aluminum structural shell, 54 glass test segments, 216 spacers, and 432 epoxy bonds


Significance: World-class thin grazing-angle X-ray mirror technology; baselined for Lynx Xray flagship mission concept

Project Title: High-Resolution and Lightweight X-ray Optics for the X-ray Surveyor

PI: Zhang, William (GSFC)

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Slide 3 of 21

X-ray Critical-Angle Transmission (CAT) gratings during optical alignment


Significance: Highest-resolution X-ray grating technology; baselined for Lynx X-ray flagship mission concept

Project Title: Development of a CAT Grating Spectrometer

PI:Mark Schattenburg (MIT Kavli Institute for Astrophysics and Space Research)

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Slide 4 of 21

Large-format antenna-coupled bolometer arrays for Cosmic Microwave Background (CMB) polarimetry


Significance: Developing antenna designs providing sensitivity, stability, and minimized particle susceptibility for bands required by the Inflation Probe, enabling identification of Inflation instants after the Big Bang

Project Title: Planar Antenna-Coupled Superconducting Detectors for CMB Polarimetry

PI: James Bock (JPL/Caltech)

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Slide 5 of 21

Candidate demonstration model Transition-Edge Sensors (TESs) array for the ATHENA X-ray Integral Field Unit (X-IFU)


Significance: TES microcalorimeters offer energy resolution for the European ATHENA mission

Project Title: Providing enabling and enhancing technologies for a demonstration model of the ATHENA X-IFU

PI: Caroline Kilbourne (GSFC)

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Slide 6 of 21

Mounted adjustable cylindrical X-ray mirror showing piezo cells and wiring


Significance: Adjustable X-ray optics are a backup technology for the Lynx large mission concept

Project Title: Development of 0.5-Arc-second Adjustable Grazing-Incidence X-ray Mirrors for the SMART-X Mission Concept

PI: Paul Reid (SAO)

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Slide 7 of 21

Students working on REXIS, a student-built instrument deployed on the OSIRIS-REx mission to Asteroid Bennu, that deployed with directly deposited filter on its X-ray CCDs


Significance: X-ray detectors operate far better when filters allow X-ray photons through and block longer wavelength light

Project Title: Directly-Deposited Blocking Filters for X-ray Imaging Detectors

PI: Mark Bautz (MIT Kavli Institute for Astrophysics and Space Research)

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Slide 8 of 21

Detecting tripped micro-mirrors in Digital Micro-mirror Device (DMD) during vibration and shock testing done as part of flight qualification


Significance:Replacing windows of commercially available DMDs may enable far-UV multiobject spectrometry in future missions

Project Title: Development of DMDs for Far-UV Applications

PI: : Zoran Ninkov (RIT)

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Slide 9 of 21

1.5-m mirror blank after grinding and polishing


Significance: Deep-core manufacturing enables 4-m-class mirrors such as planned for the HabEx exoplanet observatory concept with significantly lower cost and risk

Project Title: Advanced Mirror Technology Development (AMTD) for Very Large Space Telescopes

PI: H. Philip Stahl (MSFC)

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Slide 10 of 21

1.5-m mirror with strip heaters placed at 120⁰ intervals on its outside, and 18 thermocouples on its back and sides, as well as measuring the ambient temperature


Significance:This technology may enable required ultra-stability (~10 pm) for HabEx and LUVOIR missions

Project Title: Predictive Thermal Control (PTC) Technology to enable Thermally Stable Telescopes

PI: H. Philip Stahl (MSFC)

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Slide 11 of 21

Delta-doped Electron-Multiplied CCD detectors (EMCCD) deployed at Palomar


Significance: Advanced detectors developed by this project are baselined by SHIELDS, HabEx, LUVOIR, and ground facilities

Project Title: Advanced FUV/UV/Visible Photon-Counting and Ultralow-Noise Detectors

PI: Shouleh Nikzad (JPL/Caltech)

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Slide 12 of 21

100 mm polyimide anode used for 100×100 mm2 Multi-Channel Plate (MCP) detector


Significance: Large-format low-noise detectors may enable future far-UV missions

Project Title: : Development of 100×100 mm2 photon-counting UV detectors

PI: John Vallerga (UC Berkeley)

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Slide 13 of 21

90-GHz feedhorn-coupled focal plane array for performing Cosmic Microwave Background (CMB) measurements


Significance: CMB measurements may enable identification of the “Inflation” cosmologists believe may have occurred instants after the Big Bang

Project Title: High Efficiency Feedhorn-Coupled TES-based Detectors for CMB Polarization

PI: Edward Wollack (GSFC)

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Slide 14 of 21

Measuring scattered light in prototype Laser Interferometer Space Antenna (LISA) telescope


Significance: The LISA gravitational-wave observatory crucially depends on collecting laser light from a remote spacecraft, millions of km away

Project Title: Telescope Development for the LISA Mission

PI: Jeffrey Livas (GSFC)

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Slide 15 of 21

Prototype laser oscillator and pre-amplifier for lasers enabling the Laser Interferometer Space Antenna (LISA) gravitational-wave observatory


Significance: LISA crucially depends on lasers to allow interferometric measurement of the multi-million-km distance between the three spacecraft; technology readiness level (TRL) of 5 is needed for infusion into the mission

Project Title: Demonstration of a TRL-5 Laser System for LISA

PI: Jordan Camp (GSFC)

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Slide 16 of 21

GRACE Follow-On photo-receivers integrated into testbed as part of phasemeter development for the Laser Interferometer Space Antenna (LISA) gravitational-wave (GW) observatory


Significance: LISA needs a phasemeter system to allow interferometric measurement of the multi-million-km distance between the three spacecraft

Project Title: Phase Measurement System Development for Interferometric GW Detectors

PI: William Klipstein (JPL)

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Slide 17 of 21

Biasless 1.9-THz triplers developed for multi-pixel Local Oscillator (LO


Significance: This high-resolution multi-pixel far-IR detector technology may enable or enhance future missions

Project Title: A Far-IR Heterodyne Array Receiver for C+ and OI Mapping

PI: Imran Mehdi (JPL)

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Slide 18 of 21

484-pixel 350-mm Kinetic Inductance Detector (KID) array


Significance: Polarization-sensitive arrays in the far-IR can provide critical information on the role of magnetic fields in galaxy formation and evolution, and star formation in our galaxy and nearby galaxies

Project Title: KID Imaging Arrays for Far-IR Astrophysics

PI: Jonas Zmuidzinas (JPL)

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Slide 19 of 21

Atomic Layer Deposition (ALD) reactors at JPL used for developing advanced UV coatings


Significance:High-reflectivity, high-uniformity, wide-bandpass UV coatings are key for astrophysics and exoplanet studies

Project Title: UV Coatings, Materials and Processes for Advanced Telescope Optics

PI: Bala K. Balasubramanian (JPL)

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Slide 20 of 21

Test box for characterizing AC- and DC-biased Transition-Edge Sensors (TESs)


Significance:: AC-biased TESs and Frequency Division Multiplexing are ATHENA’s baseline readout architecture

Project Title: Technology Development for an AC-Multiplexed Calorimeter for ATHENA

PI: Joel Ullom (NIST)

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Slide 21 of 21

Four X-ray reflection gratings aligned into a single module for testing


Significance: X-ray reflection gratings enable high throughput, high spectral resolving power below 2 keV, a spectral band holding major astrophysics interest

Project Title: Reflection Grating Modules: Alignment and Testing

PI: Randall McEntaffer (PSU)

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PCOS and COR Strategic Technology Portfolio

PCOS and COR Strategic Technology Portfolio


For more information about these technologies visit our Technology Database.




slide image

Mechanical engineering meta-shell test with aluminum structural shell, 54 glass test segments, 216 spacers, and 432 epoxy bonds


Significance: World-class thin grazing-angle X-ray mirror technology; baselined for Lynx Xray flagship mission concept

Project Title: High-Resolution and Lightweight X-ray Optics for the X-ray Surveyor

PI: Zhang, William (GSFC)




slide image

X-ray Critical-Angle Transmission (CAT) gratings during optical alignment


Significance: Highest-resolution X-ray grating technology; baselined for Lynx X-ray flagship mission concept

Project Title: Development of a CAT Grating Spectrometer

PI:Mark Schattenburg (MIT Kavli Institute for Astrophysics and Space Research)




slide image

Large-format antenna-coupled bolometer arrays for Cosmic Microwave Background (CMB) polarimetry


Significance: Developing antenna designs providing sensitivity, stability, and minimized particle susceptibility for bands required by the Inflation Probe, enabling identification of Inflation instants after the Big Bang

Project Title: Planar Antenna-Coupled Superconducting Detectors for CMB Polarimetry

PI: James Bock (JPL/Caltech)




slide image

Candidate demonstration model Transition-Edge Sensors (TESs) array for the ATHENA X-ray Integral Field Unit (X-IFU)


Significance: TES microcalorimeters offer energy resolution for the European ATHENA mission

Project Title: Providing enabling and enhancing technologies for a demonstration model of the ATHENA X-IFU

PI: Caroline Kilbourne (GSFC)




slide image

Mounted adjustable cylindrical X-ray mirror showing piezo cells and wiring


Significance: Adjustable X-ray optics are a backup technology for the Lynx large mission concept

Project Title: Development of 0.5-Arc-second Adjustable Grazing-Incidence X-ray Mirrors for the SMART-X Mission Concept

PI: Paul Reid (SAO)




slide image

Students working on REXIS, a student-built instrument deployed on the OSIRIS-REx mission to Asteroid Bennu, that deployed with directly deposited filter on its X-ray CCDs


Significance: X-ray detectors operate far better when filters allow X-ray photons through and block longer wavelength light

Project Title: Directly-Deposited Blocking Filters for X-ray Imaging Detectors

PI: Mark Bautz (MIT Kavli Institute for Astrophysics and Space Research)




slide image

Detecting tripped micro-mirrors in Digital Micro-mirror Device (DMD) during vibration and shock testing done as part of flight qualification


Significance:Replacing windows of commercially available DMDs may enable far-UV multiobject spectrometry in future missions

Project Title: Development of DMDs for Far-UV Applications

PI: : Zoran Ninkov (RIT)




slide image

1.5-m mirror blank after grinding and polishing


Significance: Deep-core manufacturing enables 4-m-class mirrors such as planned for the HabEx exoplanet observatory concept with significantly lower cost and risk

Project Title: Advanced Mirror Technology Development (AMTD) for Very Large Space Telescopes

PI: H. Philip Stahl (MSFC)




slide image

1.5-m mirror with strip heaters placed at 120⁰ intervals on its outside, and 18 thermocouples on its back and sides, as well as measuring the ambient temperature


Significance:This technology may enable required ultra-stability (~10 pm) for HabEx and LUVOIR missions

Project Title: Predictive Thermal Control (PTC) Technology to enable Thermally Stable Telescopes

PI: H. Philip Stahl (MSFC)




slide image

Delta-doped Electron-Multiplied CCD detectors (EMCCD) deployed at Palomar


Significance: Advanced detectors developed by this project are baselined by SHIELDS, HabEx, LUVOIR, and ground facilities

Project Title: Advanced FUV/UV/Visible Photon-Counting and Ultralow-Noise Detectors

PI: Shouleh Nikzad (JPL/Caltech)




slide image

100 mm polyimide anode used for 100×100 mm2 Multi-Channel Plate (MCP) detector


Significance: Large-format low-noise detectors may enable future far-UV missions

Project Title: : Development of 100×100 mm2 photon-counting UV detectors

PI: John Vallerga (UC Berkeley)




slide image

90-GHz feedhorn-coupled focal plane array for performing Cosmic Microwave Background (CMB) measurements


Significance: CMB measurements may enable identification of the “Inflation” cosmologists believe may have occurred instants after the Big Bang

Project Title: High Efficiency Feedhorn-Coupled TES-based Detectors for CMB Polarization

PI: Edward Wollack (GSFC)




slide image

Measuring scattered light in prototype Laser Interferometer Space Antenna (LISA) telescope


Significance: The LISA gravitational-wave observatory crucially depends on collecting laser light from a remote spacecraft, millions of km away

Project Title: Telescope Development for the LISA Mission

PI: Jeffrey Livas (GSFC)




slide image

Prototype laser oscillator and pre-amplifier for lasers enabling the Laser Interferometer Space Antenna (LISA) gravitational-wave observatory


Significance: LISA crucially depends on lasers to allow interferometric measurement of the multi-million-km distance between the three spacecraft; technology readiness level (TRL) of 5 is needed for infusion into the mission

Project Title: Demonstration of a TRL-5 Laser System for LISA

PI: Jordan Camp (GSFC)




slide image

GRACE Follow-On photo-receivers integrated into testbed as part of phasemeter development for the Laser Interferometer Space Antenna (LISA) gravitational-wave (GW) observatory


Significance: LISA needs a phasemeter system to allow interferometric measurement of the multi-million-km distance between the three spacecraft

Project Title: Phase Measurement System Development for Interferometric GW Detectors

PI: William Klipstein (JPL)




slide image

Biasless 1.9-THz triplers developed for multi-pixel Local Oscillator (LO


Significance: This high-resolution multi-pixel far-IR detector technology may enable or enhance future missions

Project Title: A Far-IR Heterodyne Array Receiver for C+ and OI Mapping

PI: Imran Mehdi (JPL)




slide image

484-pixel 350-mm Kinetic Inductance Detector (KID) array


Significance: Polarization-sensitive arrays in the far-IR can provide critical information on the role of magnetic fields in galaxy formation and evolution, and star formation in our galaxy and nearby galaxies

Project Title: KID Imaging Arrays for Far-IR Astrophysics

PI: Jonas Zmuidzinas (JPL)




slide image

Atomic Layer Deposition (ALD) reactors at JPL used for developing advanced UV coatings


Significance:High-reflectivity, high-uniformity, wide-bandpass UV coatings are key for astrophysics and exoplanet studies

Project Title: UV Coatings, Materials and Processes for Advanced Telescope Optics

PI: Bala K. Balasubramanian (JPL)




slide image

Test box for characterizing AC- and DC-biased Transition-Edge Sensors (TESs)


Significance:: AC-biased TESs and Frequency Division Multiplexing are ATHENA’s baseline readout architecture

Project Title: Technology Development for an AC-Multiplexed Calorimeter for ATHENA

PI: Joel Ullom (NIST)




slide image

Four X-ray reflection gratings aligned into a single module for testing


Significance: X-ray reflection gratings enable high throughput, high spectral resolving power below 2 keV, a spectral band holding major astrophysics interest

Project Title: Reflection Grating Modules: Alignment and Testing

PI: Randall McEntaffer (PSU)







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